» » Wellington’s Hidden Heroes: The Dutch and the Belgians at Waterloo

Wellington’s Hidden Heroes: The Dutch and the Belgians at Waterloo

ISBN: 161200332X
Date: November 30, 2015
Number of pages: 208 pages
Language: English
Format: AZW3
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The Duke of Wellington described the Battle of Waterloo as ‘the most desperate business I ever was in. I was never so near being beat’. The courage of British troops that day has been rightly praised ever since, but the fact that one-third of the forces which gave him his narrow victory were subjects, not of George III, but of the King of the Netherlands, has been almost completely ignored. This book seeks to correct a grave injustice through the study of Dutch sources – both primary and secondary – the majority of which have never been used by English-speaking historians.



The Dutch-Belgians have been variously described as inexperienced, incompetent and cowardly, a rogue element in the otherwise disciplined Allied Army. It is only now being tentatively acknowledged that they alone saved Wellington from disaster at Quatre Bras. 

He had committed a strategic error in that, as Napoleon advanced, his own troops were scattered over a hundred kilometres of southern Belgium. Outnumbered three to one, the Netherlanders gave him time to concentrate his forces, and save Brussels from French occupation. At Waterloo itself, on at least three occasions when the fate of the battle ‘hung upon the cusp’ their engagement with the enemy aided British recovery. Their commander – the Prince of Orange – is viciously described as an arrogant fool, ‘a disaster waiting to happen’ and even a dangerous lunatic. According to the assessment of the Duke himself, he was a reliable and courageous subordinate.



The Dutch material in this book reveals a new dimension for familiar events in the Campaign, and includes many unseen illustrations. For the first time, a full assessment is made of the challenge which Willem I faced as King of a country hastily cobbled together by the Congress of Vienna, and of his achievement in assembling, equipping and training thirty thousand men from scratch in eighteen months. This is a timely reassessment in the two hundredth anniversary year of the battle of Waterloo. The veneration which the Duke of Wellington justifiably enjoyed after the Waterloo Campaign should not be allowed to forgive his lifelong lack of acknowledgment of the debt he owed the Netherlanders. As he once said himself, ‘there should be glory enough for all’, and it is high time that they are allowed to claim their share.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 
Introduction

1 The Netherlands 
2 The Creation of the Netherlands Army 
3 The Armée du Nord 
4 Coalition 
5 Language 
6 Brussels 
7 The Netherlands Commanders 
8 The Prince of Orange 
9 Strategies 
10 The French Advance 
11 The Battle of Quatre Bras 
12 Preparation 
13 Waterloo Acts I and II 
14 Waterloo Acts III and IV 
15 Waterloo Act V 
16 The Pursuit 
17 The Myth of Waterloo 
18 Concealment 
19 Aftermath – the Netherlands 

Conclusion 
Postscript 
Notes 
Bibliography 
Index 

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